AskDefine | Define inessive

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates placement in a location


  1. the inessive case, or a word in that case


Extensive Definition

Inessive case (from Latin inesse "to be in or at") is a locative grammatical case. This case carries the basic meaning of "in": for example, "in the house" is "talo·ssa" in Finnish, "maja·s" in Estonian, "etxea·n" in Basque, "nam·e" in Lithuanian and "ház·ban" in Hungarian.
In Finnish the inessive case is typically formed by adding "ssa/ssä". Estonian adds "s" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian, the suffix "ban/ben" is most commonly used for inessive case, although many others, such as -on, -en, -ön and others are also used, especially with cities.
In the Finnish language, the inessive case is considered the first of the six locative cases, which correspond to locational prepositions in English. The remaining five cases are:
inessive in German: Inessiv
inessive in Spanish: Caso inesivo
inessive in French: Inessif
inessive in Galician: Inesivo
inessive in Icelandic: Íverufall
inessive in Italian: Inessivo
inessive in Hungarian: Inessivus
inessive in Norwegian: Inessiv
inessive in Norwegian Nynorsk: Inessiv
inessive in Portuguese: Caso inessivo
inessive in Finnish: Inessiivi
inessive in Swedish: Inessiv
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